Metal braces made from stainless steel brackets and wires remain the most popular choice for braces and are very effective.
Our stainless steel braces are self-ligating. That means they don’t require colored rubber bands to hold the wires into the brackets, which means there’s less friction and more treatment efficiency (and that means less time in braces!). These “silver” braces usually have a mechanical advantage over the “clear” braces.
We also offer gold braces which were the original “esthetic” bracket prior to the development of the ceramic braces.
There are three main types of wires for braces: copper nickel-titanium, titanium-niobium, and stainless steel. No matter which type we use, each is engineered to the most exacting standards for performance and comfort.
- Copper Nickel-titanium (CuNiTi): Nickel-titanium archwires have been used in orthodontics since their development in 1969. The properties of the wire include super-elasticity, shape memory, and thermal regulation. These properties make it possible to use lower and more-constant forces, which makes them more physiologically compatible. Tooth movement will be more efficient and fast with less discomfort. Force levels are controlled in the manufacturing of the wire, which are then “activated” intraorally at temperatures below 37 degrees Celsius. Copper (Cu) is alloyed with the NiTi to accurately control the activation temperatures of the wires.
- Beta-Titanium (Beta-Ti): Beta-titanium wires are used in the final stage of orthodontics to detail the esthetics and functionality of the teeth. These types of wires are half as stiff as stainless steel wires, making them easier to bend as desired and more comfortable for the patient.
- Stainless Steel: Stainless steel has been the most common wire material for braces. Now, however, it is generally only used in special cases when increased stiffness is needed to minimize unwanted tooth movements. For example, we might use these wires to close spaces between teeth or bring impacted teeth into the dental arch. It is a very effective stabilizing wire and can be used in finishing details like we do with Beta-Ti wires.
If you’re in need of braces or would like more information, contact us at Woodhill Dental Specialties today to set up a complimentary consultation.